The Evidence-Based Practice: Breastfeeding as a preventive factor for Postpartum Depression

  • Marlene Cunha
  • Emília Coutinho
  • Carlos Pereira
  • Cláudia Chaves
  • Paula Nelas
  • Odete Amaral
  • Vitória Parreira
  • João Duarte
  • Lídia Cabral


Post-partum is expected to be a time of joy. However, this is not always the case, as it can be a time marked by moments of sadness, fatigue and discouragement. This study intended to obtain the best scientific evidence to understand whether breastfeeding has a preventive effect on postpartum depression. For this, an integrative review of the literature was made on the relationship between breastfeeding and postpartum depression through the databases: EBSCO host, LILACS, PubMed, SciELO, institutional repositories and Google Scholar. Most studies identify breastfeeding as being preventive of postpartum depression, highlighting its importance for the puerperium's mental health and consequently reducing the chances of developing postpartum depression. An informed and supported woman about breastfeeding will be able to feel confident in her new role. A constant investment by the health team, initiated during the couple's planning process for pregnancy, is essential, and is maintained throughout pregnancy, delivery and postpartum.